- Alveolar Bone
- Periodontal Ligament
Periodontal disease is one of the top causes of tooth loss in adults, and because it is virtually pain free, many patients do not know they have the disease, and that the disease is contagious. While many different diseases affect tooth-supporting structures, plaque-induced inflammatory lesions make up the vast majority of periodontal diseases and have traditionally been divided into two categories:
The early stage of gum disease, causing gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. At this stage the disease is treatable.
If left untreated, gingivitis will advance into periodontitis. At this stage the gums and supporting bone become seriously and irreversibly damaged. Infected gums with advance periodontitis can cause teeth to loosen and fall out.